A petition can be filed by a law enforcement agency, a law enforcement officer, or a person who is a family or household member of the respondent.  Family member includes:

  • Persons related by blood, marriage, or adoption
  • Dating partners
  • Persons who have a child in common
  • Persons who reside or have resided with the respondent within the past year
  • Domestic partners
  • Persons who have a biological or legal parent-child relationship, including step-parent and step-children, and grandparents and grandchildren
  • A person who is acting or has acted as the respondent’s legal guardian

The petitioner must show that the respondent poses a significant danger of causing personal injury to self or others in the near future by having in his or her custody or control, purchasing, possessing, or receiving a firearm.

The court can order that the respondent surrender weapons but this type of protection order does not provide any protection for the petitioner.

See the Washington State Legislature Statute here: RCW Chapter 7.94, Extreme risk