A disaster can strike quickly and without warning. It could force you to evacuate your neighborhood or confine you to your home. What would you do if basic services — water, gas, electricity and telephones — were cut off? Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone right away.
Four steps to safety
- Find out what could happen to you
- Create a disaster plan
- Complete this checklist
- Practice and maintain your plan
More information about helping neighbors, listening to news, checking for damage, etc.
Four steps to safety
- Contact your local American Red Cross chapter or emergency management office before a disaster occurs. Take notes about your conversation.
- Request information on how to prepare for different types of disasters.
- Learn about your community's warning signals: what they sound like and what you should do when you hear them.
- Ask about animal care after a disaster.
- Find out how to help elderly or disabled persons.
- Find out about the disaster plans at your workplace, your children's school or day care center and other places where your family spends time.
- Discuss with your family the importance of preparing for a disaster. Explain the dangers of fire, severe weather and earthquakes to children. Plan to share responsibilities and work as a team.
- Discuss the most likely types of disasters. Explain what to do in each case.
- Pick two places to meet:
- Right outside your home in case of a sudden emergency, such as fire.
- Outside your neighborhood in case you can't return home. Everyone must know the address and phone number.
- Ask an out-of-state friend or relative to be your family contact. After a disaster, all family members should call this person and report their location. All family members must know the person's phone number.
- Discuss what to do in an evacuation.
- Plan to take care of your pets.
- Post emergency telephone numbers for fire, police and ambulance by phones.
- Teach children how and when to call 9-1-1 or your local Emergency Medical Services number for help.
- Show each family member how and when to turn off utilities such as water, gas and electricity at the main switches.
- Check whether you have adequate insurance coverage.
- Get training from the fire department about how to use an ABC-type fire extinguisher and show family members where it's kept.
- Install smoke detectors on each level of your home, especially near bedrooms.
- Conduct a home hazard hunt.
- Stock emergency supplies and assemble a disaster supplies kit.
- Take first aid and CPR class.
- Determine the best escape routes from your home. Find two ways out of each room.
- Find safe places in your home for each type of disaster.
- Quiz your kids every six months or so.
- Conduct fire and emergency evacuations.
- Replace stored water and stored food every six months.
- Test and recharge your fire extinguisher(s) according to manufacturer's instructions.
- Test your smoke detectors monthly and change the batteries at least once a year.
Neighbors helping neighbors
Working with neighbors can save lives and property. Meet with your neighbors to plan how to work together until help arrives. If you belong to a neighborhood organization, such as a home association or crime watch group, introduce disaster preparedness as a new activity. Know your neighbors' special skills and consider how you could help elderly neighbors or those with special needs. Make plans for child care in case parents can't get home.
If disaster strikes
Remain calm and patient. Put your plan into action.
Check for injuries
Give first aid and get help for seriously injured people.
Listen to your battery-powered radio for news and instructions
Check for damage in your home...
- Use flashlights. Do not light matches or turn on electrical switches, if you suspect damage.
- Sniff for gas leaks, starting at the water heater. If you smell gas or suspect a leak, turn off the main gas valve, open windows, and get everyone outside quickly.
- Shut off any damaged utilities. You will need a professional to turn gas back on.
- Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline and other flammable liquids immediately.
- Confine or secure your pets.
- Call your family contact, then stay off the telephone unless you have a life-threatening emergency.
- Check on your neighbors, especially elderly or persons with disabilities.
- Make sure you have an adequate water supply.
- Stay away from downed power lines.
From "Family Disaster Plan." developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the American Red Cross.