Property issues

Deeds

A deed is legal document that conveys an interest in real property from one person to another. The basic requirements for a deed in Washington are: it must be in writing, contain a legal description of the property, be signed by the grantor, and the grantor’s signature must be notarized. There are several types of deeds. You can read about the most common types in this Rocket Lawyer article.

The Washington State Bar Association website has some blank deed forms as well as other documents that are related to deeds.

Information about quitclaim deeds, along with a blank form and a sample that has been filled out, is available on the Washington LawHelp website.

The law library sells a Transfer on Death Deed self-help kit that includes forms and instructions to allow a property owner to transfer the property to another person as an inheritance when the property owner dies. The kit covers creating, recording, revoking, or claiming under a Transfer on Death Deed. Kits can be purchased at the library or online and mailed out.

Mechanics' (contractors') liens

Contractors, subcontractors, laborers, suppliers, and design professionals (claimants) have several options available to secure payment for improvements made to privately owned real property. In many states, the most common option is a mechanic's lien (also known as a construction, materialman, or supplier lien). Mechanic's liens provide protection and ensure payment to a person or entity that provides labor, services, goods, or materials for the improvement of real property. (Thomson Reuters Mechanics Lien Toolkit)

Mechanic's liens in Washington are governed by Chapter 60.04 RCW of the state statutes.

The Building Industry Association of Washington website has information that helps explain what you need to do to file a lien as well as some sample forms. The Washington State Bar Association website also has several different blank forms for waiving and/or releasing a lien.

Contractors' bond claims

The Washington State Department of Labor & Industries' website has information about filing a lawsuit against a contractor's bond.

The law library sells a Start a Contractor's Bond Claim self-help kit with forms and instructions to start a claim against the contractor's bond (it does not cover how to finalize the process). It includes forms for either the homeowner or a subcontractor/supplier who has not been paid to use. Kits can be purchased at the library or online and mailed out.

Squatters

Squatters can be removed by following a process described in RCW 9A.52.105 and using the form described in RCW 9A.52.115.

Be careful to ensure that you meet all of the requirements of the law, as all persons removed under this procedure can sue according to RCW 4.24.355 to recover actual damages, costs, and reasonable attorneys' fees from the person making the declaration.

The Rental Housing Association of Washington has an overview of the requirements of the law.

This article from T-Square Real Estate Services has an overview of the differences between squatters and tenants, squatters rights, and how to evict a squatter.

Replevin (Possession of personal property)

Replevin is a court action to recover the possession of personal property. It allows a person to claim and obtain the immediate delivery of property after a hearing. Personal property is any property that is not land or buildings.

The basic laws for replevin are found in RCW 7.64.

The Clark County Sheriff's Office has a list of requirements for replevin.

The law library has some information and sample forms for replevin that are available for viewing and copying.

A self-help kit for replevin is being developed and will be for sale in the future. It is expected to focus on recovering possession of pets and vehicles, but could be customized for other situations.

Quieting title

If you purchased a car and have had a hard time getting title in your name, you may be able to use a process called "quieting title" to settle the question of ownership of the vehicle. Some people call it applying for “ownership in doubt.” Washington LawHelp has some general information about this situation as well as a guide to this process including instructions and forms.

If there are issues with title to real property (land/buildings) the law library has materials to learn more about quieting title for these situations.